Audiovisual speech synchrony detection is an important part of talking-face verification systems. Prior work has primarily focused on visual features and joint-space models, while standard mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs) have been commonly used to present speech. We focus more closely on audio by studying the impact of context window length for delta feature computation and comparing MFCCs with simpler energy-based features in lip-sync detection. We select state-of-the-art hand-crafted lip-sync visual features, space-time auto-correlation of gradients (STACOG), and canonical correlation analysis (CCA), for joint-space modeling. To enhance joint space modeling, we adopt deep CCA (DCCA), a nonlinear extension of CCA. Our results on the XM2VTS data indicate substantially enhanced audiovisual speech synchrony detection, with an equal error rate (EER) of 3.68%. Further analysis reveals that failed lip region localization and beardedness of the subjects constitutes most of the errors. Thus, the lip motion description is the bottleneck, while the use of novel audio features or joint-modeling techniques is unlikely to boost lip-sync detection accuracy further.
Sieranoja Sami, Kinnunen Tomi, Komulainen Jukka, Hadid Abdenour
A4 Article in conference proceedings
Place of publication:
2018 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Signal and Image Processing (ICSIP)
S. Sieranoja, M. Sahidullah, T. Kinnunen, J. Komulainen and A. Hadid, “Audiovisual Synchrony Detection with Optimized Audio Features,” 2018 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Signal and Image Processing (ICSIP), Shenzhen, 2018, pp. 377-381, https://doi.org/10.1109/SIPROCESS.2018.8600424
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