Average AoI of Cached Status Updates for a Process Monitored by an Energy Harvesting Sensor

In this work, we consider a system where external requests arrive for status updates of a remote source, which is monitored by an energy harvesting (EH) sensor. The requests are placed in an aggregator that has direct communication with the sensor and is also equipped with storage space to cache a previously generated status update. A probabilistic model is considered to determine whether a new request will be served with a fresh update from the EH sensor or with a cached update from the aggregator. In the first case, the fresh update will replace the cached one in the aggregator. Assuming that the energy arrivals at the sensor can be modeled by a Bernoulli process, we characterize the average Age of Information (AoI) of the source seen at the aggregator as a function of the external request probability, the battery charging probability, and the probability that a fresh update will be generated by the EH sensor. Our numerical results reveal some insights about the role of caching in EH-based status updating systems.

Authors:
Pappas Nikolaos, Chen Zheng, Hatami Mohammad

Publication type:
A4 Article in conference proceedings

Place of publication:
2020 54th Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems (CISS)

Keywords:
Age of Information, Caching, Energy harvesting

Published:
7 May 2020

Full citation:
N. Pappas, Z. Chen and M. Hatami, “Average AoI of Cached Status Updates for a Process Monitored by an Energy Harvesting Sensor,” 2020 54th Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems (CISS), Princeton, NJ, USA, 2020, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/CISS48834.2020.1570629110

DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1109/CISS48834.2020.1570629110

Read the publication here:
http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2020061242898