Campus violence is a common social phenomenon all over the world, and is the most harmful type of school bullying events. As artificial intelligence and remote sensing techniques develop, there are several possible methods to detect campus violence, e.g., movement sensor-based methods and video sequence-based methods. Sensors and surveillance cameras are used to detect campus violence. In this paper, the authors use image features and acoustic features for campus violence detection. Campus violence data are gathered by role-playing, and 4096-dimension feature vectors are extracted from every 16 frames of video images. The C3D (Convolutional 3D) neural network is used for feature extraction and classification, and an average recognition accuracy of 92.00% is achieved. Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs) are extracted as acoustic features, and three speech emotion databases are involved. The C3D neural network is used for classification, and the average recognition accuracies are 88.33%, 95.00%, and 91.67%, respectively. To solve the problem of evidence conflict, the authors propose an improved Dempster–Shafer (D–S) algorithm. Compared with existing D–S theory, the improved algorithm increases the recognition accuracy by 10.79%, and the recognition accuracy can ultimately reach 97.00%.
Ye Liang, Liu Tong, Han Tian, Ferdinando Hany, Seppänen Tapio, Alasaarela Esko
A1 Journal article – refereed
Place of publication:
9 February 2021
Ye, L.; Liu, T.; Han, T.; Ferdinando, H.; Seppänen, T.; Alasaarela, E. Campus Violence Detection Based on Artificial Intelligent Interpretation of Surveillance Video Sequences. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 628. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13040628
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