On regulations for 5G



Future 5G networks aim at providing new high-quality wireless services to meet stringent and case-specific needs of various vertical sectors beyond traditional mobile broadband offerings. 5G is expected to disrupt the mobile communication business ecosystem and open the market to drastically new sharing based network operational models. 5G technical features of network slicing and small cell deployments in higher carrier frequencies will lower the investment barrier for new entrants to deploy local radio access networks and offer vertical specific services in specific areas and allow them lease the remaining required infrastructure on demand from mobile network operators (MNO) or infrastructure vendors. To realize the full vision of 5G to benefit the society and promote competition, innovation and emergence of new services when the 5G end-to-end network spans across different stakeholders administrative domains, the existing regulations governing the mobile communication business ecosystem are being refined. This paper provides a tutorial overview on how 5G innovations impact mobile communications and reviews the regulatory elements relevant to 5G development for locally deployed networks. This paper expands the recent micro licensing model for local spectrum authorization in future 5G systems and provides guidelines for the development of the key micro licensing elements. This local micro licensing model can open the mobile market by allowing different stakeholders to deploy local small cell networks with locally issued spectrum licenses ensuring pre-defined quality guarantees for the vertical sectors’ case specific needs.

Matinmikko Marja, Latva-aho Matti, Ahokangas Petri, Seppänen Veikko

Publication type:
A1 Journal article – refereed

Place of publication:

5G, Licensing, micro operator, Mobile network operator, Regulation, Small cell, spectrum sharing


Full citation:
Marja Matinmikko, Matti Latva-aho, Petri Ahokangas, Veikko Seppänen, On regulations for 5G: Micro licensing for locally operated networks, Telecommunications Policy, Volume 42, Issue 8, 2018, Pages 622-635, ISSN 0308-5961, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.telpol.2017.09.004


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