Reliable Positioning and mmWave Communication via Multi-Point Connectivity

One of the key elements of future 5G and beyond mobile technology is millimeter-wave (mmWave) communications, which is targeted to extreme high-data rate services. Furthermore, combining the possibility of a wideband signal transmission with the capability of pencil-beamforming, mmWave technology is key for accurate cellular-based positioning. However, it is also well-known that at the mmWave frequency band the radio channel is very sensitive to line-of-sight blockages giving rise to unstable connectivity and inefficient communication. In this paper, we tackle the blockage problem and propose a solution to increase the communication reliability by means of a coordinated multi-point reception. We also investigate the advantage of this solution in terms of positioning quality. More specifically, we describe a robust hybrid analog–digital receive beamforming strategy to combat the unavailability of dominant links. Numerical examples are provided to validate the efficiency of our proposed method.

Kumar Dileep, Saloranta Jani, Kaleva Jarkko, Destino Giuseppe, Tölli Antti

Publication type:
A1 Journal article – refereed

Place of publication:

5G positioning, beamforming, blockage, coordinated multi-point, mmWave MIMO

16 November 2018

Full citation:
Kumar, D., Saloranta, J., Kaleva, J., Destino, G., Tölli, A. (2018) Reliable Positioning and mmWave Communication via Multi-Point Connectivity. Sensors, 18 (11), 4001. doi:10.3390/s18114001


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