The Role of Blockchain to Fight against COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected almost all aspects of human life, various sectors of business, and regions of the world. The flow of human activities halted for several months, and are now being carefully redefined to align with guidelines and recommendations to avoid the spread of the novel coronavirus. In contrast to other pandemics the world has witnessed in the past, the technological advancements of the current era are a boon that can play a key role in safeguarding humanity. In this work, we begin by highlighting general challenges that have arisen during the COVID-19 pandemic. Next, to gauge the applicability of blockchain as a key enabling technology, we identify potential use cases to meet current needs. Furthermore, for each use case, we present a high-level view of how blockchain can be leveraged and discuss the expected performance. Finally, we highlight the challenges that must be addressed to harness the full potential of blockchain technology and discuss plausible solutions.

Authors:
Kalla Anshuman, Hewa Tharaka, Mishra Raaj Anand, Ylianttila Mika, Liyanage Madhusanka

Publication type:
A1 Journal article – refereed

Place of publication:

Keywords:
blockchain, Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), distributed ledger technology (DLT), pandemic, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), Smart contract

Published:
4 August 2020

Full citation:
A. Kalla, T. Hewa, R. A. Mishra, M. Ylianttila and M. Liyanage, “The Role of Blockchain to Fight Against COVID-19,” in IEEE Engineering Management Review, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 85-96, 1 thirdquarter,Sept. 2020, doi: 10.1109/EMR.2020.3014052

DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1109/EMR.2020.3014052

Read the publication here:
http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2020111790881