Ultra-low permittivity porous silica-cellulose nanocomposite substrates for 6G telecommunication

The continuously increasing demand for faster data traffic of our telecommunication devices requires new and better materials and devices that operate at higher frequencies than today. In this work, a porous composite of silica nanoshells and cellulose nanofibers is demonstrated as a suitable candidate of dielectric substrates to be used in future 6G frequency bands. The hollow nanospheres of amorphous SiO2 with outstanding electromagnetic properties were obtained by a template-assisted Stöber process, in which a thin shell of silica is grown on polystyrene nanospheres first, and then the polymer core is burned off in a subsequent step. To be able to produce substrates with sufficient mechanical integrity, the nanoshells of SiO2 were reinforced with cellulose nanofibers resulting in a porous composite of very low mass density (0.19 ± 0.02 g cm−3), which is easy to press and mold to form films or slabs. The low relative dielectric permittivity (εr = 1.19 ± 0.01 at 300 GHz and εr = 1.17 ± 0.01 at 2.0 THz) and corresponding loss tangent (tan δ= 0.011 ± 0.001 at 300 GHz and tan δ = 0.011 ± 0.001 at 2.0 THz) of the composite films are exploited in substrates for radio frequency filter structures designed for 300 GHz operation.

Authors:
Pálvölgyi Petra S., Nelo Mikko, Pitkänen Olli, Peräntie Jani, Liimatainen Henrikki, Myllymäki Sami, Jantunen Heli, Kordas Krisztian

Publication type:
A1 Journal article – refereed

Place of publication:

Keywords:
6G applications, cellulose nanofibers, porous dielectric composites, silica nanoshells, ultra-low dielectric permittivity

Published:

Full citation:
Petra S Pálvölgyi et al 2020 Nanotechnology 31 435203

DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/aba4cc

Read the publication here:
http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2020092275380